The Change in the Field of Art
Art changes as humanity advances, goes hand in hand with the philosophical, technological, social, economic and all kinds of tendencies that are inherent in the nature that characterizes the human being, from cave paintings and cave cavemen to complicated drawings hyperrealistic or abstract.
The history of art is a discipline of the social sciences that studies the Art evolution through time. Understood as any activity or product carried out by the human being with an aesthetic or communicative purpose, through which he expresses ideas, emotions or, in general, a vision of the world, art uses diverse resources, such as plastics, linguistics, sound or mixed. The history of art happens to be a multidisciplinary science, looking for an independent examination of art by classifying cultures, history, establishing periodisations and observing their distinctive characteristics and influences. The history of art study was originally advanced in of Renaissance era, with its object limited to the Western civilization artistic production.
Art is a manifestation of human activity where a personal and disinterested vision is expressed, which interprets something real or imagined. This concept of art can be defined as useful and aesthetic. If we seek to satisfy a material need then we consider it useful. For example: carpentry, masonry and others that are considered manual or industrial.
On the other hand, aesthetic art refers to the realization of a beauty in its various manifestations, also known as Fine Arts. Here we have sculpture, music, painting, literature and architecture.
What do they all have in common and how do they differ?
What they have in common is the realization of a beauty and the production of an aesthetic emotion. They are differentiated by the way they achieve that end, that is, by the means they use to make that work sensitive and manage to communicate to others.
What is the function of art?
Our first artists, the cave painters, had no idea that they were making a work of art. The sense that they gave to those images that they created were linked with magic or religion and we do not know if with aesthetics.
At present, that aesthetic is something that we demand as spectators. The work of art may or may not express a meaning or feeling. Now we require that aesthetics generate a pleasure or a rejection and that is also creative.
Is Art a reflection of society?
Of course, human beings still feel the need to express themselves and communicate through art and, therefore, the art that is generated is a reflection of society. At the same time it is transmitting the values of that society. Only by observing the aesthetic and what it expresses can we study cultures and many aspects of the people.
What we humans conceive as art has changed, changed and changed according to the historical moment and the society in which it is framed.
And what do we say about artists?
Well as the concept of art changes throughout history, so have artists. Understanding the creator of a work is so important because you cannot assimilate it well unless you know who created it.
The main artistic disciplines are architecture, painting and sculpture; however there are other minor ones such as goldsmithing, ceramics, mosaic or stained glass. Although, for their expressive value and technical and formal Art evolution, it should not be considered as minor.